These findings demonstrate that variability in the ability of high-risk personality-disordered prisoners to recognize emotional expressions in the face-in particular, fear and disgust-reflects both the affective and antisocial aspects of psychopathy, and is moderated by cognitive ability.
Investigated, in 2 quasi-experiments, the relation between specific adult female facial features and the attraction, attribution, and altruistic responses of adult males. Precise measurements were obtained of the relative size of 24 facial features in an international sample of photographs of 50 females. 75 undergraduate males provided ratings of the attractiveness of each of the females.
Whereas previous work has shown that male sexual orientation can be accurately and rapidly perceived from the human face and its individual features, no study has examined the judgment of female sexual orientation. To fill this gap, the current work examined the accuracy, speed, and automaticity of judgments of female sexual orientation from the face and from facial features.
Highlights: 1.) The visual system is able to extract an enormous amount of socially relevant information from the face, including social categories, personality traits, and emotion. 2.)Faces convey an enormous amount of socially-relevant information. 3.) A social-visual interface is described, in which top-down social cognitive processes may shape visual perception of faces.
As predicted, a component of facial features that discriminates the sexes and reflects masculinization of the face significantly covaried with symmetry in men. No significant correlation was observed for women. These findings suggest that men's facial masculinity partly advertises underlying developmental stability.
Jordan de Winter and Oxnard (2001) showed that functionally related structures were more highly correlated with one another than functionally unrelated structures using the size of various brain components measured across mammalian species. Their results suggested coevolution of brain structures related by function.
Reading the face of a person who is trying to conceal fear or other emotions is tricky business, according to a new study of electrical activity in the brain. Though such "microexpressions" as a brief flash of fear are unlikely to be consciously noticed, they still may seep into the visual system, bubbling just beneath consciousness, and affect how you treat and judge others.
People have proved adept at categorizing others into social categories, at least when the categorical distinction is perceptually obvious (e.g., age, race, or gender). There remain many social groups whose boundaries are less clear, however.
The present results raise the possibility that subtle differences in facial structure influence trait judgements, which may, in turn, guide social behavior.
In a series of experiments published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B, people were able to accurately distinguishes between sick and healthy people at a rate better than by chance looking at their photographs.
Structural qualities of honest-looking faces, developmental relationships between perceived and real honesty, and actual honesty of honest-looking people were investigated. Babyfaceness, attractiveness, facial symmetry, and large eyes each had positive, independent effects on perceived honesty, revealing a babyface overgeneralization effect, an attractiveness halo effect, and the metaphorical associations "wide-eyed innocence" and "crooked character."
The findings suggest that the hippocampus is not critical for learning affective associations between traits and faces.
The second-to-fourth-digit ratio (2D:4D) may be related to prenatal testosterone and estrogen levels and pubertal face growth. Several studies have recently provided evidence that 2D:4D is associated with other-rated facial masculinity and dominance, but not with facialmetric measures of masculinity.
Researchers have found that modifying one facial feature can alter the spatial arrangements among all features, which may in turn impact impressions.
The current data provide support for Bejerot et al’s androgyny account since males and females with high levels of autistic-like traits generally showed less sex-typical features than individuals with low levels of autistic-like traits.